Doctor, my gum is inflamed, redder than usual and I can see blood traces after brushing. What may seem an isolated consultation in the dentist, is repeated repeatedly among people of 30 to 50 years. In fact, the gum disease, also known as periodontitis, affects 50% of Spaniards, being able to distinguish which group of people are more prone to suffer from it. for anything, before supposing things you can consult your dentist at odontomedik dental clinic.
Smokers Tobacco is one of the most significant risk factors related to the development of gum disease. In fact, around 70% of smokers and former smokers have suffered from a related pathology. The reason? Smokers have a clear decrease in the defenses of the gum against bacterial attack, which significantly increases the susceptibility to periodontal infection.
Diabetics People who have diabetes are more prone to dental infections such as inflammation of the gums (gingivitis or even periodontitis). This is because they experience a decrease in the flow of saliva and a burning sensation in the mouth or tongue that easily results in this pathology.
Stressed people It has been shown that there is a relationship between stress, anxiety or depression and periodontal disease. The increase in the levels of cortisone (a hormone that the body produces in high levels when there is stress), is a factor that contributes to diminish the immunity of the body, making it more susceptible to periodontal disease. In addition, it has been shown that people with a lot of stress are more likely to acquire habits that promote this disease, such as smoking, eating an unbalanced diet and neglect oral hygiene.
Pregnant The moment of pregnancy is a period of changes in our body, hormonal fluctuations that also affect oral health. In fact, experts say that 70% of pregnant women suffer from gum disease during the gestation period. And is that changes in hormone levels can cause the gums to manifest greater sensitivity to dental plaque. In addition, there are other related factors especially harmful such as vomiting, which if excessive can promote tooth erosion, increased blood vessel permeability and the appearance of tooth decay and gum problems.
Menopausal women During this period, the decrease in the production of hormones has a direct effect on the oral mucosa, the health of our gums and the bone that supports our teeth. The desquamative gingivitis is a condition that can occur during this stage and is characterized by the loss of the outer layers of the gum, and may expose the nerve endings of it. In addition, bone wear can also occur that affects our jaws, which could have repercussions in dental losses or the accentuation of periodontal disease.
Although we must pay attention to the health of our gums at all times, it is true that if we are in any of these risk groups we must exercise extreme caution. Going to the dentist for an accurate diagnosis is essential, but we can also take care of ourselves from home using pastes and mouthwashes especially designed to treat gum problems. And it is that a good and adequate daily oral hygiene, accompanied by a good diet, can help us to prevent gingival problems in many moments of our life.