Orthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the development, prevention and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite and jaws. Orthodontists also have special training in facial abnormalities and jaw disorders. A parent may consult best orthodontist in Tijuana Mexico for kids.
Why choose orthodontic treatment?
Any orthodontic problem can be classified as malocclusion or “bad bite”. The following problems can be minimized with the appropriate orthodontic treatment:
Teeth misaligned, twisted or crowded
A sub bite
An open bite
Incorrect or misaligned position of the jaw
A disorder of the jaw joint
At what age do the braces become appropriate?
In most cases, the ideal age to use braces or other orthodontic treatment is between 10 and 14 years of age. The movement and correction of the alignment of the teeth follows the same biological and physical process regardless of age. However, an adult mouth must overcome the already positioned facial bones and the structure of the jaw. So overcoming most types of malocclusions may require more than one type of orthodontic treatment for adults and can sometimes involve jaw surgery.
What are the different types of braces available?
Braces, also called fixed orthodontic devices, usually come in three types:
Brackets, metallic or plastic, clear or the color of the teeth that are placed on the teeth
Lingual type brackets that stick to the back of the teeth, hidden from view
Bands that cover most of the teeth with metal bands that wrap the teeth
All three types use cables to move the teeth to the desired position. Removable and clear tooth aligners can also be an option. Ask your orthodontist.
Oral health care and braces
The following recommendations will help you eliminate or reduce any oral health problems while your children use braces:
Make sure your child is brushing their teeth carefully after each meal with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush, since the food is easily accommodated in the braces. A new toothbrush is needed every three or four months or sooner if the bristles break or fray. A worn toothbrush does not do a good job of cleaning the teeth.
Make sure your child flosses daily between teeth and braces. A floss threader can be useful for flossing under the wire arch.
Have your child’s dentist or orthodontist clean their teeth every six months, or as recommended.
Limit your child’s consumption of sugar and starch, since the remains of these types of food can become harmful acids which can be harmful to the teeth and gums and promote the formation of plaque.
Avoid hard or sticky snacks that may be difficult to remove from the orthodontic equipment in your child’s mouth. This includes hard foods such as popcorn, nuts or ice cubes and sticky foods like chewing gum, candy and other chewy sweets.