In life, there are small health problems like those that are solved quickly with dental implants in Tijuana Mexico, for example, but there are also huge health problems that make us feel that we have reached our end.
Ovarian cancer is one of the tumors with the worst prognosis: only 45% of women with ovarian cancer survive five years after diagnosis, compared to 89% of women with breast cancer. There are no differences in their incidence by countries since it affects both the first and the third world equally. Each year, 250,000 cases are diagnosed, and around 140,000 women die from ovarian cancer worldwide. Since 2013, every day May 8 marks the world day of ovarian cancer.
It is essential to know the first symptoms or warning signs of the disease could save lives since early diagnosis significantly improves the chances of survival for the woman.
Ovarian cancer is often diagnosed when it is already at an advanced stage and there is a mistaken belief that cytology or cervical smear can detect ovarian cancer.
Risk factors for ovarian cancer.
Approximately 15% of ovarian cancer cases are hereditary: if a direct family member, both mother, and father have had breast cancer before age 50 or ovarian cancer the risk of cancer ovary is greater. This is due to a hereditary mutation of specific genes, and genetic tests can identify these inherited genetic mutations.
For women with no family history, the most significant risk factor is age: the older, the higher the risk. Ovarian tumors are rare in women under 40 years of age. Most develop after menopause. More than half of the cases of ovarian cancer affect women older than 63 years.
Some studies have linked a low-fat diet with a lower risk of ovarian cancer. Other studies have pointed out the lower rate of ovarian cancer in women who eat a food rich in vegetables.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer can often be confused with other less severe diseases: this would explain why it is usually diagnosed in advanced stages in eight out of ten cases diagnosed. The tumor grows and spreads practically asymptomatically. When it begins to cause symptoms, it is usually already widespread. The first symptoms of advanced stages are often confused with benign discomfort or gas. When the tumor grows, symptoms such as loss of appetite, a sensation of abdominal fullness after the meal (although this is very frugal) with the consequent loss of weight appear.